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 FREQUENTLY ASKED SPELLING RULES

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PostSubject: FREQUENTLY ASKED SPELLING RULES   Sun Aug 10, 2014 8:20 pm


FREQUENTLY ASKED SPELLING RULES:


Consonant Endings:

If a one-syllable word ends in a consonant preceded by one vowel, double the final consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel.
Example: bat – batting

If a multisyllable word ends in a consonant preceded by one vowel, the accent is on the last syllable, and the suffix begins with a vowel, then double the final consonant.
Example: control - controlling

i Before e:

Write i before e except after c, or when sounded like a as in neighbor and weigh. When the ie or ei is not pronounced ee, it is usually spelled ei.
Examples: relief, receive, perceive, reign

Plurals:

The plural of most words is formed by just adding s.

Prefixes:

Most often do not drop a letter from the base word or the prefix when a prefix is added to a word. Example: un + conventional = unconventional

Exceptions: ad-, com-, and –in
The last letter in the prefix changes to match the beginning consonant of the base word.
Example: illegal instead of inlegal

Suffixes:

If a one-syllable word ends in a consonant preceded by one vowel, double the final consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel.
Example: run – running

If a word with two or more syllables that ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC), double the final letter before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel if the final syllable is stressed.
Example: commit – committed

If the final syllable is not stressed, do not double the final letter.
Example: cancel – canceled

When adding the suffix –ly or –ness, do not change the spelling of the base word unless it ends in y.
Examples: careful – carefully, happy – happily


-ible and –able
If the root is not a complete word, add –ible.
Example: visible

If the root is a complete word, add –able.
Example: suitable

If a root is a complete word that ends in a silent e, drop the e and add –able.
Example: valuable

Exceptions: When the final sound is the hard g or c, the suffix used is –able.
Example: apply - applicable

-ion
If the root ends in ct, add –ion.
Example: select – selection

If the root ends in ss, add –ion.
Example: discuss – discussion

If the root ends in te, drop the e and add –ion.
Example: educate – education

If the root ends in it, change the t to s and add –ion.
Example: permit – permission

If the root ends in vowel-d-e, drop the e, change the d to s, and add –ion.
Example: explode - explosion

Words Ending in o:

When forming the plural of a word that ends in an o that is preceded by a vowel, add s.
Example: patio – patios

When forming the plural of a word that ends in an o that is preceded by a consonant, add es.
Example: tomato – tomatoes

Words Ending in Silent e:

When a word ends in silent e, drop the e before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel.
The e is not dropped when the suffix begins with a consonant.
Example: state – stating – statement

Words Ending in y:

If y is the last letter in a word and the y is preceded by a consonant, change the y to i before adding any suffix except those beginning with i.
Examples: fry - fries – frying, hurry – hurried – hurrying

When forming the plural of a word that ends in y that is preceded by a vowel, add s.
Example: play - plays

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