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 Must - Have to

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Join date : 2014-07-23
Age : 31
Location : Agadir

PostSubject: Must - Have to   Mon Aug 11, 2014 2:31 pm

Must  -  Have to:

Must and have to both express obligation.  
However, they are used differently depending on who imposes the obligation.


MUST:

The speaker thinks it is necessary.

• I must buy flowers for my mother
(It's her birthday and I decide to do that).
• "You must take more exercise"
says the doctor.
(The doctor thinks it is necessary).
• I must ask my secretary to book a flight for me.
(It is important for me not to forget.)
• "Dogs must be kept on a lead"
(Written on a sign in the park =  
a rule which must be respected)


HAVE TO:

Someone else thinks it is necessary.
• I have to buy flowers for my mother-in-law.
(It is not my decision -
my husband asked me to do it.)
• I have to take more exercise.
(doctor's orders!)
• I have to call the travel agency.  
(My boss asked me to book a flight.)
• I have to keep my dog on a lead.
(That's what the sign tells me to do.)

  N.B. In the negative form, the meaning changes!

MUST NOT (MUSTN'T)
         You mustn't tell George
         = it's important not to tell George
         = don't tell George

DO NOT HAVE TO  (DON'T HAVE TO)
You don't have to tell George = you can tell George if you like,
          but it isn't necessary.  It's your decision.

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