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 Suffixing Rules Revision Sheet

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PostSubject: Suffixing Rules Revision Sheet   Tue Aug 12, 2014 3:49 pm

Suffixing Rules Revision Sheet:


Before you start

Vowels are: _a__, _e__, _i__, _o_, _u__ and sometimes _y_.

The other letters are called _consonants_.
The ‘beats’ of a word are called __syllables___. For example there are _3_ of these in the word ‘photograph’ and _4_ in ‘photographer’.

Which word pattern corresponds to the word kangaroo? Ooo, ooO (√) or oOo?
Now draw the word pattern for ‘photograph’ and ‘photographer’.
___Ooo and oOoo_______________

Word stress means that we say one part of the word more clearly and distinctly than the other parts.

Suffixes:
Suffixes are endings that we put on to root words. Write some examples of suffixes here: ing, ed, ment, less, hood, est etc.

Rules:
When adding a suffix that starts with a consonant just add it without changing anything.

For example:
content + ment = contentment
quiet + ly = quietly
time + less = timeless

You can have more than one suffix on a root word – true or false? true

Which is correct, beautifull or beautiful √?


1. If the root word ends in consonant + ‘y’, change it to an i before adding any suffix except ing

For example:
lonely + ness = loneliness
plenty + ful = plentiful
supply + ed = supplied
fly + ing = flying

but don’t do this with root words ending in a vowel + ‘y’:
play + ful = playful
boy + ish = boyish


2. If you are adding a vowel suffix to a word ending in ‘e’, do you keep the ‘e’ or drop it?√


3. For example:
dine + ing = dining
stripe + y = stripy
smile + ed = smiled
nerve + ous = nervous

Exceptions to this rule: If a word ends in 'ce', or 'ge', keep the 'e' if you add a suffix beginning with either an 'a', or an 'o'. Can you think why this is? You need the e to keep the sound ‘soft’ (/s/ or/j/)
For example: peace + able = peaceable
outrage + ous = outrageous


4. Doubling rules for short (1 syllable) words

In which of the following word patterns would you need to double the consonant when you add a suffix that starts with a vowel:
VCC, VVC or CVC?√ (C= consonant, V= vowel)

For example:
halt + ing = halting
fool + ed = fooled
big + est = biggest
sad + ness = sadness


5. Doubling rules for longer (2 or more syllable) words when adding a vowel suffix:

Which of the following words double their consonant?
focus + ing = focusing
prefer + ed = preferred
travel + er = traveller

Explain why. With multisyllabic words ending in CVC, first check the word stress. If the word stress falls on the last syllable, then double the consonant. If not, don’t. Exception: words ending CV+l. (But if you look in the dictionary, you will see that many of the words that shouldn’t double (e.g. benefit, format etc) can be spelt both ways.
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