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 There is / are - It is / they are

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PostSubject: There is / are - It is / they are   Wed Aug 13, 2014 4:51 pm

There is / are - It is / they are

* We use there is/are to talk about something for the first time to say that it exists:

• There’s a new neighbour in flat number 6.
• There’s a really nice café next door to our apartment block.
• There are 6 chairs around my dining room table.

* We use it is/they are to talk about a particular thing, place, fact, situation etc.

• There’s a really nice café next door to our apartment block. It’s famous for its cream cakes.
• There are 6 chairs around my dining room table. They are blue.

We use it’s/they are here because now the café/chairs has/have been introduced we know which particular one(s) we are talking about.

Special phrases with it’s

We use it’s to talk about:
time
distance
weather


• What time is it? It’s half past four.
It’s a long way from my university to where I live.
It’s hot today.

Spoken English:

Note that in spoken English we use contractions with there is, they are and it is.

There is becomes there’s.
It is becomes it’s.
They are becomes they’re.

However we do not shorten there are.

There’s a large kitchen in my apartment. √
There’re two bathrooms in my house. X
There are two bathrooms in my house.√
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