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 CONFUSING WORDS IN ENGLISH

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PostSubject: CONFUSING WORDS IN ENGLISH   Fri Feb 12, 2016 5:27 pm

CONFUSING WORDS IN ENGLISH

• Advice – advise
* Advice is a noun. If you give someone advice, you tell them what you think they should do. Advice is an uncountable noun. However, you can talk about a piece of advice.

* Advise is a verb.
- E.g. He advised me not to do it.



• Alone – lonely
* If you are alone, you are not with any other people. You do not use alone in front of a noun.
- E.g. I wanted to be alone.

* If you are lonely, you are unhappy because you do not have any friends or anyone to talk to. Lonely is used either in front of a noun or after a verb like ‘be’ or ‘ feel’.
- E.g. He had befriended a lonely boy.



• Borrow – lend
* If you borrow something that belongs to someone else, you take it, with or without their permission, intending to return it.
- E.g. Could I borrow your car?

* If you lend something you own to someone else, you allow them to have it for a period of time.
- E.g. I often lend her money.



• Bring – take – fetch
* If you bring someone or something with you when you come to a place, you have them with you.
- E.g. Please bring your calculator to every class.

* If you take someone or something with you when you go to a place, you have them with you.
- E.g. She gave me some books to take home.

If you fetch something, you go to the place where it is and return it to the place where you were before.
- E.g. I don’t want you to fetch anything for me.



• Control – check
* To control means ‘to direct or have power over’.
- E.g. The accelerator controls your speed.

* To check means ‘to examine’or ‘to make sure’
- E.g. You’d better check the time of your train.



• Hard – hardly
* Hard can be used as an adjective or an adverb, often with a similar meaning.
- E.g. They have so much hard work to do.

* Hardly is an adverb. You use hardly to say that something is only just true.
- E.g. I hardly knew him.
You do not use ‘not’ with hardly.



• Lay – lie
* Lie is intransitive, that is, it cannot take an object.
- E.g. He likes to lie on the beach.

* Lay is transitive, that is, it must have an object.
- E.g. A chicken lays eggs.



• Remember – remind
If you remember people or events from the past, your mind still has an impression of them and you are able to think about them.
- E.g. He remembered the man well.

If you remind someone of a fact or event that they already know about, you say something which causes them to think about it.
- E.g. She reminded him of two appointments.



• Rise – raise
* Rise and raise are usually used as verbs. Rise is an intransitive verb. If something rises, it moves upwards.
- E.g. In a moment the moon would rise.

* Raise is a transitive verb. If you raise something, you move it to a higher position.
- E.g. She raised her eyebrows in surprise.



• Rob – steal
You rob a bank or a person, you steal money or a thing. To rob means ‘to steal something from someone’.



• Salary – wages
* Salary and wages are both used to refer to the money paid to someone regularly for the work they do. Professional people such as teachers are usually paid a salary. Their salary is the amount of money which they are paid each year, although they actually get a certain amount each month.
- E.g. She earns a high salary as an accountant.

If someone gets money each week for their work they do, you refer to this money as their wages.
- E.g. His wages had been reduced to 70 pounds a week.



• Sensible –sensitive
* A sensible person makes good decisions and judgements based on reason rather than emotion.
- E.g. She considered they were sufficiently sensible to go into the village.

* Sensitive has two meanings. A sensitive person is easily upset or offended by other people's remarks or behaviour.
- E.g. You really must stop being sensitive about your accent.

However, if you say that someone is sensitive to other people’s problems or feelings, you mean that they show understanding and awareness of them.
- E.g. We are trying to make people more sensitive to the difficulties faced by working mothers.
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